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The Brahma was believed to have created "castes" and not ethnicities. Buddhism flourished in South India during the time of Buddhagosha (author of Visuddhi-magga); and Lanka too had Buddhist Tamils as a small but important minority, with many of them resident in Anuradhapura. Here we focus on the old Sinhala names of the tamilized Place names in the North and East.Thus kings always married other "Kshatriyas", irrespective of ethnicity. The existence of multiple place-names for a given location testifies to the rich cultural tapestry of the nation.Note that the old names "Rama bridge" (irāma;-cētu; இராமசேது in Tamil consistent with the Tolkkappiam rules), or Ramasethu රාමසේතුව , was replaced by "Adam's bridge" in 1804 by the British surveyor James Rennel.He was the first Surveyor General of British India.This is further clarified by noting that eighteen countries are mentioned in early Tamil literature, clearly distinguishing "cinkalam" from "Tamlaak(h)am", viz., cimkaḷam, conaakam, cā vakam, cīṉam, tuḷuvam, kutakam, konkanam, kanna-tam, kollam, telin(g)kam, kalin(g)kam, vaṅkam, kaṅ- kam, makatam, kaṭāram, kavuṭam, koklam, tamilakam; சிங்களம், சோனகம், சாவகம், சீனம், துளுவம், குடகம், கொங் ;கணம், கன்னடம், கொல்லம், தெலிங்கம், கலிங்கம், ;வ ங்கம், கங்கம், மகதம், கடாரம், கவுடம், கோசலம், தமிழகம்.The early Pali writings of Sri Lanka also mention similar names for kingdoms located in the subcontinent.Jayakumar, and also Mahadevan have discussed 2nd BCE Sinhala influences extending into South India itself.It should be noted that race or ethnicity , as understood today was of little consequence in ancient times, when it was the caste that was most important. Velu Pillai in Yalpana Vaibhava Kaumudi devotes a whole chapter to Sinhala place names in Jaffna.

Its occurrence in Sinhala place names is well established.

The origins of the Sinhala language are probably linked to the Magadhi of the Asokan (northern) Parkrit ( early Brahmi script), and Pali, while Tamil is linked to a southern prakrit (with a very similar Brahmi script).

However, the two forms of Brahmi, and their Prakrit forms are themselves very close.

The study of toponyms also shows the cultural closeness of these two language groups, immensely influenced by Sanskrit (in this document we use the name 'Sanskrit' to include all proto-forms related to the language of the Rig Veda, and not just the systematized form). The claim of an exclusively Tamil, "Traditional Homeland", or a "Tamil Kingdom ", initiated officially by the 1949 Maradana resolution of the Ilankai Arasu Kadchi has been the most serious threat to this.

The North and East of Sri Lanka were populated by people who were largely Sinhala-speaking Buddhists till about the 12th century. See Achchankulam (Mannarama [Mannar} district ) ATTANAVAEVA, ⚓name Meaning: There is no "achchan" listed in the usual Tamil dictionaries and Lexicons; however, close forms like 'accan' may be listed.

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